New publications from the Cochrane Oral Health Group

CCUIssue 8 of the Cochrane Library for 2013 has been published, and features two new reviews and one new protocol from the Cochrane Oral Health Group.

Follow the links for more information!

New review
Oral hygiene care for critically ill patients to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia
by Zongdao Shi, Huixu Xie, Ping Wang, Qi Zhang, Yan Wu, E Chen, Linda Ng, Helen V Worthington, Ian Needleman, Susan Furness

Ventilator associated pneumonia is a potentially serious complication in patients who are already critically ill. This new systematic review looks at whether keeping the mouth and teeth clean and preventing the build up of plaque on the teeth helps to reduce the risks. 35 randomized controlled trials were included, involving 5,374 participants. The review found that chlorhexidine mouthrinses or gels reduces the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia by 40% but there was not enough research information available to provide evidence of the effects of other mouth care rinses such as water, saline or triclosan.

New review
Interventions for the management of dry mouth: non-pharmacological interventions
by Susan Furness, Gemma Bryan, Roddy McMillan, Helen V Worthington

This new review looks at non-drug treatments used to stimulate saliva production for the relief of dry mouth. Nine clinical trials were included in the review, and they covered treatments including acupuncture, electrostimulation and powered toothbrushes. 366 people participated in the trials. The review found that the evidence was generally of poor quality.

New protocol
Hypnosis for alleviation of anxiety in adults undergoing dental treatment
by Catherine Potter, Paul Coulthard, Richard Brown, Tanya Walsh

This is a protocol for a new Cochrane Oral Health Group review, which will consider the effects of hypnosis (with or without conscious sedation) in reducing anxiety in dental treatment.

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 8, 2013 include:

Three new editorials:

Highlighted reviews:

New publications from the Oral Health Group in Issue 5 of the Cochrane Library for 2013

The latest edition of The Cochrane Library is out today, and features 1 new review and 3 new protocols from the Cochrane Oral Health Group. Follow the links to read more!

Children ToothbrushesNew Review:
Primary school-based behavioural interventions for preventing caries
Anna M Cooper, Lucy A O’Malley, Sarah N Elison, Rosemary Armstrong, Girvan Burnside, Pauline Adair, Lindsey Dugdill, Cynthia Pine

This review considers the clinical effects of school based interventions aimed at changing behaviour related to toothbrushing and the frequency of consumption of sugary food and drink. Are programmes aimed at making lasting changes to toothbrushing habits and reducing sugary food and drink consumption in 4-12 year olds effective?

Four clinical trials were included in the review. Three of these showed that there was less dental plaque in the children who had received the programme, and one small study showed there was less tooth decay when children had undergone the educational intervention. However, more high quality research is needed.

New protocol:
Dental cavity liners for Class I and Class II resin-based composite restorations
Andrew B Schenkel, Ivy Peltz, Analia Veitz-Keenan

This review will be undertaken by a team from the College of Dentistry at the University of New York. It will assess the effects of using dental cavity liners in the placement of restorations.

New protocol:
Oral health educational interventions for nursing home staff and residents
Martina Albrecht (nee Bunge), Ramona Kupfer, Daniel Reissmann, Burkhard Haastert, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Sascha Köpke

This new review will assess the effects of educational interventions to improve the oral and dental health of nursing home residents. These interventions could include training programmes for staff or for the residents in oral hygiene, oral care practice, diet and skills training.

New protocol:Triclosan/copolymer containing toothpastes for oral health
Philip Riley, Thomas Lamont

This review will assess the effects (i.e. including both the efficacy and safety) of triclosan/copolymer containing fluoride toothpastes, compared to fluoride toothpastes, for the long-term control of tooth decay, plaque and gingivitis in children and adults.

Other highlights of Issue 5 of the Cochrane Library include: