The Cochrane Oral Health team have been busy during the lockdown, and we thought we would take this opportunity to let our readers know what we’ve been doing.
These are unprecedented times, and a global pandemic of an infectious disease poses particular challenges for dentistry and oral care. Which treatments can dentists and other members of the oral care team safely provide to clients? Should dental clinics be investing in new equipment? What measures need to be in place before resuming aerosol-generating procedures? What personal protective equipment (PPE) is needed to protect staff, clientele, and members of the public?
Cochrane Oral Health are responding in the following ways, to help the dental community find a path through the evidence: Continue reading
Nursing home residents are often unable to carry out proper oral care, which is an important factor in maintaining the health of the mouth, teeth, and gums. Nursing home staff may not be prepared to provide adequate care. Therefore, oral health care education for residents and/or nursing staff may be one strategy to improve this situation. Continue reading
Issue 8 of the Cochrane Library for 2013 has been published, and features two new reviews and one new protocol from the Cochrane Oral Health Group.
Follow the links for more information!
Oral hygiene care for critically ill patients to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia
by Zongdao Shi, Huixu Xie, Ping Wang, Qi Zhang, Yan Wu, E Chen, Linda Ng, Helen V Worthington, Ian Needleman, Susan Furness
Ventilator associated pneumonia is a potentially serious complication in patients who are already critically ill. This new systematic review looks at whether keeping the mouth and teeth clean and preventing the build up of plaque on the teeth helps to reduce the risks. 35 randomized controlled trials were included, involving 5,374 participants. The review found that chlorhexidine mouthrinses or gels reduces the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia by 40% but there was not enough research information available to provide evidence of the effects of other mouth care rinses such as water, saline or triclosan.
Interventions for the management of dry mouth: non-pharmacological interventions
by Susan Furness, Gemma Bryan, Roddy McMillan, Helen V Worthington
This new review looks at non-drug treatments used to stimulate saliva production for the relief of dry mouth. Nine clinical trials were included in the review, and they covered treatments including acupuncture, electrostimulation and powered toothbrushes. 366 people participated in the trials. The review found that the evidence was generally of poor quality.
Hypnosis for alleviation of anxiety in adults undergoing dental treatment
by Catherine Potter, Paul Coulthard, Richard Brown, Tanya Walsh
This is a protocol for a new Cochrane Oral Health Group review, which will consider the effects of hypnosis (with or without conscious sedation) in reducing anxiety in dental treatment.
Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 8, 2013 include:
Three new editorials: