A new edition of the Cochrane Library has been published, and features one new review and 5 new protocols from the Oral Health Group, a bumper month!
New review: Antibiotics to prevent complications following tooth extraction
Giovanni Lodi, Lara Figini, Andrea Sardella, Antonio Carrassi, Massimo Del Fabbro, Susan Furness
This review looks at whether antibiotics, given to dental patients as part of their treatment, prevent infection after tooth extraction. There were 18 studies considered, with a total of 2456 participants who received either antibiotics (of different kinds and dosages) or placebo, immediately before and/or just after tooth extraction. Do they do more harm than good? Follow the link to read more!
New Protocol: Clinical assessment to screen for the detection of oral cavity cancer and potentially malignant disorders in apparently healthy adults
Tanya Walsh, Joseph LY Liu, Paul Brocklehurst, Mark Lingen, Alexander R Kerr, Graham Ogden, Saman Warnakulasuriya, Crispian Scully
This is a protocol for the Oral Health Group’s first review of diagnostic test accuracy, a new area of research for the Group. The objective of this review is to estimate the accuracy of the conventional oral examination (COE) used singly or in combination with another index test as a screening test for the detection of oral cancer and potentially malignant disorders (PMD) of the lip and oral cavity of apparently healthy adults.
New Protocol: Interventions for replacing missing teeth: alveolar ridge preservation techniques for oral implant site development
Momen A Atieh, Nabeel HM Alsabeeha, Alan GT Payne, Warwick Duncan, Marco Esposito
A protocol for a new review. The aim is to assess the clinical effects of various materials and techniques for alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) after tooth extraction compared with extraction alone and/or other methods of ARP for patients requiring oral implant placement following healing of extraction socket.
New Protocol:Lasers for caries removal in deciduous and permanent teeth
Alessandro Montedori, Iosief Abraha, Massimiliano Orso, Potito Giuseppe D’Errico, Stefano Pagano, Guido Lombardo
This protocol is for a new review which will compare the effects of laser-based methods to conventional mechanical methods for the removal of dental caries in deciduous and permanent teeth.
New Protocol: Maternal consumption of xylitol for preventing dental decay in children
Derek Richards, Brett Duane, Andrea Sherriff
Protocol for a new review. The aim is to evaluate the effects of xylitol (consumed by mothers) at reducing tooth decay in their children compared with alternative treatments (e.g. chlorhexidine, fluoride varnish, placebo, or no treatment).
New Protocol: Orthodontic treatment for bimaxillary proclination in children and adults
Padhraig S Fleming, Nikolaos Pandis, Zbys Fedorowicz, Reshma A Carlo, Jadbinder Seehra
This new protocol is for a Cochrane review which will assess the effects of different types of orthodontic treatment for bimaxillary proclination particularly their impact on occlusal results, facial outcomes and patient experiences.
Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 11, 2012:
There is also an editorial on Measuring the Performance of the Cochrane Library.