New edition of the Cochrane Library features one new protocol from the Cochrane Oral Health Group

The latest edition of the Cochrane Library has been published, including a new Oral Health Group protocol:

Systemic antibiotics for symptomatic apical periodontitis and acute apical abscess in adults
Anwen Cope, Nick Francis, Fiona Wood, Mala K Mann, Ivor G Chestnut

This is a protocol for a new Cochrane review. The review will evaluate the effects of systemic antibiotics for apical periodontitis and apical abscess in adults by comparing participant reported measures of pain and swelling, or clinician reported measures of infection.

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 10 2012, include:

Also featured is an editorial on General health checks for reducing morbidity and mortality from disease.

New edition of the Cochrane Library features three new reviews from the Oral Health Group

The latest edition of the Cochrane Library for September 2012 features three new reviews from the Oral Health Group.

Irrigants for non-surgical root canal treatment in mature permanent teeth
Zbys Fedorowicz, Mona Nasser, Patrick Sequeira-Byron, Raphael Freitas de Souza, Ben Carter, Marc Heft

This new systematic review examines the antiseptic and antibacterial irrigating solutions available to help to eliminate infection during root canal treatment. 11 studies were included, with 851 participants. The review concludes that there was no difference between some of the irrigants or between the different strengths of individual irrigants.

Preoperative analgesics for additional pain relief in children and adolescents having dental treatment
Paul F Ashley, Susan Parekh, David R Moles, Prabhleen Anand, Amal Behbehani

This review examines whether or not to give children painkillers before dental treatment, in order to reduce pain afterwards. Five trials were included, with 190 participants. However, the available evidence was not sufficient to determine efficacy. There was some evidence that it could be of benefit before orthodontic treatment.

Systemic interventions for recurrent aphthous stomatitis (mouth ulcers)
Paul Brocklehurst, Martin Tickle, Anne-Marie Glenny, Michael A Lewis, Michael N Pemberton, Jennifer Taylor, Tanya Walsh, Philip Riley, Julian M Yates

25 trials with 21 interventions were included in this new systematic review on recurrent mouth ulcers. No single treatment was found to be effective and the results remain inconclusive.

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 9, 2012 are:

The new edition of the Cochrane Library for July 2012 is out today!

The July 2012 edition of the Cochrane Library has been published and features two new protocols from the Cochrane Oral Health Group:

Chlorhexidine versus topical fluoride treatment for the prevention and management of dental caries in children and adolescents
Joerg Eberhard, Tobias Sandmann, Valeria CC Marinho, Henrik Dommisch, Sören Jepsen, Meike Stiesch, Werner Geurtsen

 A protocol for a new review which will consider how topical chlorhexidine compares with topical fluoride on all tooth surfaces in children and adolescents in the prevention and management of tooth decay. The treatment could be a varnish, toothpaste, mouth rinse, gel, spray or chewing gum. The review and results will be published soon!

Direct versus indirect bonding for bracket placement in orthodontic patients
Wenya Huang, Fan Jian, Wenli Lai, Wen Li, Declan T Millett, Grant T McIntyre, Zhihe Zhao, Yan Wang, Zongdao Shi, Taixiang Wu, Guan J Liu, Joy Hickman, Amit Arora

This protocol sets out the methodology for a new review on bonding in placing brackets in orthodontic treatment. It will consider whether directly bonding braces to the teeth is more effective than indirect bonding,  i.e. placing brackets on a plaster model of the patient’s teeth first for adjustment and then transferring to the mouth via a tray.

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 7, 2012 include:

New publications by the Cochrane Oral Health Group in Issue 12 of the Cochrane Library for 2011

Issue 12 of the Cochrane Library for 2011 has been published – the final edition of the year. It was a bumper month for the Cochrane Oral Health Group. We published three brand new reviews:

Flossing for the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults by Dario Sambunjak, Jason W. Nickerson, Tina Poklepovic, Trevor M Johnson, Pauline Imai, Peter Tugwell, Helen V Worthington

The review included 12 trials with a total of 1083 participants. It found that overall there is weak, unreliable evidence to suggest that flossing plus toothbrushing is associated with a small reduction in plaque after 1 or 3 months. However, the trials were generally of poor quality and conclusions are therefore unreliable.

Fluoride supplements (tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gums) for preventing dental caries in children by Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Candy Auclair, Emmanuel Amsallem, Paul Tramini, Laurent Gerbaud,
Christiane Ruffieux, Andreas G Schulte, Martin J Koch, Myriam Rège-Walther, Amid Ismail

11 studies were included in this review, involving 7,196 children. The review found that no conclusion could be reached about the effectiveness of  supplemental fluoride treatments in preventing tooth decay in young children with deciduous teeth.

Interventions for the management of dry mouth: topical therapies by Susan Furness, Helen V Worthington, Gemma Bryan, Sarah Birchenough, Roddy McMillan

36 trials were included, with 1597 participants. The review found that there is no strong evidence that any one topical therapy is effective for relieving the symptoms of dry mouth. It did find some differences between treatments: for example, oxygenated glycerol triester spray used as a saliva substitute was more effective than a water based electrolyte spray. Chewing gum and mouthcare systems are also evaluated in this review.

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 12 for 2011:

This is the last issue of the Cochrane Library for 2011! The next publication date is 18 January 2012. Merry Christmas and a happy new year to all our authors, referees and contributors. Let’s make 2012 a successful year for the Oral Health Group.

 

 

 


Cochrane Library Issue 11, 2011 has been published!

The 11th issue of the Cochrane Library for 2011 has been published and features one new review and one new protocol from the Cochrane Oral Health Group:

New Review:

Psychosocial interventions for the management of chronic orofacial pain

by Vishal Aggarwal, Karina Lovell, Sarah Peters, Hanieh Javidi, Amy Joughin, Joanna Goldthorpe

This review examines the role of psychosocial factors in the onset of chronic orofacial pain, and considers the evidence for psychosocial treatments as opposed to the invasive treatments often used. 17 randomized controlled trials were included. Interventions examined include cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), biofeedback and posture regulation. The review found that the quality of the evidence in these trials was poor and that there was a need for more high quality research into this topic.

Follow the link to read more!

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008456.pub2/abstract

New Protocol:

Laser therapy for dentinal hypersensitivity

by Yanhan Deng, Mina Mahdian, Aneesh Thomas George, Bowman Blake, Dingming Huang, Zongdao Shi

A review team from China, Iran, India and the US have collaborated on this protocol for a review which will examine the effectiveness of laser therapy for patients with hypersensitive teeth.

Read more at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009434/abstract

Other highlights of the Cochrane Library, Issue 11, 2011:

 

19th Cochrane Colloquium

A reminder to all authors, contributors and members of the Cochrane Oral Health Group that the 19th Cochrane Colloquium is taking place from 19 to 22 October in Madrid. Early registration for the event closes on 25th July and members from low and middle income countries will get a discount on their registration fee (check the prices here!).

Full registration includes:

  • Participation in all Colloquium sessions
  • Conference materials
  • All refreshments and lunches
  • Welcome Reception on 19 October
  • Farewell Party on 22 October

Day registration includes:

  • Participation in all Colloquium sessions scheduled for the respective day
  • Conference materials
  • Refreshments and lunches on the respective day
  • Welcome Reception (exclusively for the 19 October day registration)
  • Farewell Party (exclusively for the 22 October day registration)

The Colloquium is a great opportunity to network and meet colleagues who have an interest in systematic reviews and evidence-based health. There will be a number of workshops available to update authors and contributors on the latest Cochrane methods, as well as oral sessions and meetings. The final programme of workshops has yet to be published, but you can find out the latest information from the Colloquium Website.