Do the drugs work? Cochrane evidence on antibiotics in dentistry

799px-Medication_amoxycillin_capsule13-17 November is World Antibiotic Awareness Week. The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that antibiotic resistance is:  “one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today”. Antibiotics are used to prevent and treat bacterial infections, but if over-used they can cause bacteria to change and become resistant. This makes infections more difficult to treat, and results in longer hospital stays, higher medical costs and increased mortality (World Health Organization, 2017).

Antibiotics are still commonly used in dentistry, Cope et al (2014) estimate that 8-10% of antibiotics used in primary care are prescribed by dentists in some parts of the world. Their effectiveness has been explored by several Cochrane Oral Health reviews over the years, looking at some of the scenarios where they might be prescribed. Today we have a look back over the evidence… Continue reading

12 months on: Cochrane Oral Health, Dundee Dental School, and Wikipedia – a project update

Cochrane Oral Health's Co-ordinating Editor Jan Clarkson talks to the Wikipedia Editing Team at Dundee Dental School

Cochrane Oral Health’s Co-ordinating Editor Jan Clarkson talks to the Wikipedia Editing Team at Dundee Dental School

Last summer, we blogged about the fantastic project to update articles about dentistry on Wikipedia, led by the students at Dundee Dental School.

The team have been doing excellent work to update Wikipedia with Cochrane evidence. The project has been running since January 2016, led by Dundee graduate Nour Geres. Continue reading

Evidence inconclusive on giving painkillers to children before dental treatment

Child_dentist 3Dental pain is common after dental procedures and can lead to increased fear of dental treatment, avoidance of dental treatment and other associated problems. Reduction of pain is important, particularly in children and adolescents. One way of managing this might be to give painkillers before treatment so that the painkillers can start to work right away. This updated review looked at evidence for using painkillers in children, aged up to 17 years, undergoing treatment without sedation or general anaesthetic, but who may have had a local anaesthetic. The treatments included extracting teeth, restoring teeth and fitting braces. Continue reading

The Oral Health Group needs you!

PrioritiesWe are currently undertaking an exercise to prioritise areas of research for the future, and today we’ve launched a survey to find out about your oral health concerns.

The survey is open to everyone, and all feedback is welcome.

Which areas of oral health and dentistry do you think are most important? Issues you might want to think about could include:

  • Prevention of tooth decay
  • Care of children’s teeth
  • Oral hygiene products (toothpastes, mouthrinses, flossing)
  • Dentures or dental implants
  • Bleeding or inflamed gums
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Mouth cancer
  • Tooth whitening
  • Wisdom teeth removal.
  • Facial or jaw pain

Follow the link to take part in our survey, we really want to hear from you! https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/FBTNHMB. The survey will close on 8 August 2014.

To find out more about our prioritization project, see http://ohg.cochrane.org/priority-reviews.

Have your say and help us to prioritise…

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Photo copyright Erik Christensen under Creative Commons Licence

The Cochrane Oral Health Group has begun the task of prioritising clinically important systematic review titles, so that we have a core portfolio to maintain on the Cochrane Library.

We started by defining 8 specialties, and then by asking the authors of our reviews in each specialty to rank our existing reviews on how important they felt they were to clinical practice and to patients. We also asked each group to identify any gaps they could see or topics they felt had not been addressed.

We’re now looking for feedback on 6 of the areas. Do you agree with the rankings? Do you think the new title proposals are useful?

Click on the links in the list below to read the discussion documents and view the rankings for each specialty:

You can send feedback on any of the discussion documents to us via email: cohg@manchester.ac.uk, or you can visit our website and fill in the online form in the right hand column. The deadline for receipt of comments is Friday 1 August.