New Cochrane Oral Health Group reviews and protocols – Issue 3, 2012

Issue 3 of the Cochrane Library for 2012 is out today and features 1 new review, 1 review update and 2 new protocols from the Cochrane Oral Health Group.

New review: One-to-one dietary interventions undertaken in a dental setting to change dietary behaviour
by Rebecca Harris, Ana Gamboa, Yvonne Dailey, Angela Ashcroft

This new review assesses the effectiveness of one-to-one dietary interventions for all ages in a dental care setting. Five studies were included, and the review concludes that there is some evidence that such interventions can change behaviour, although the evidence is greater for interventions aiming to change fruit/vegetable and alcohol consumption than for those aiming to change sugar consumption.

Search update: Sedation of children undergoing dental treatment
by Liege Lourenço-Matharu, Paul F Ashley, Susan Furness

The search has been updated on this Cochrane review, which aims to evaluate the efficacy of conscious sedation agents and dosages for behaviour management in paediatric dentistry. 36 studies were included with a total of 2810 participants. The review found that there is some weak evidence that midazolam administered in a juice drink is effective, and that nitrous oxide (laughing gas) may also be effective.

New protocol: Intraoperative local anaesthesia for reduction of postoperative pain following general anaesthesia for dental treatment in children and adolescents
by Susan Parekh, Collette Gardener, David R Moles

This review will look at anaesthesia to manage pain, and in particular the type, dose and method of administration of local anaesthetic given during dental treatment under general anaesthesia.

New protocol: Non-fluoride topical remineralising agents containing calcium and/or phosphate for controlling dental caries
by Carmel Parnell, Neeraj Gugnani, Andrea Sherriff, Patrice James, Paul V Beirne

This is a protocol for a new Cochrane review, which will examine the effectiveness of non-fluoride remineralising agents for preventing the development or progression of dental caries when compared to placebo or no treatment or topical fluoride. These agents include any containing any formulation of calcium or phosphate.

Other highlights of Issue 3 of the Cochrane Library for 2012 include an Editorial on improving outcomes in gynaecological cancer, Interventions for preventing obesity in children (including Journal Club materials) and Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews.